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  Laichangxing Extradition Affair

 

The principle of the death penalty does not extradite is the principle that the requested state would deny to extradite the person sought, who may be executed death penalty after being extradited by applicant, which was believed by the requested state with reasons. The principle of the death penalty does not extradite is an outcome of modern extradited system which was formatted and developed by the rise of the idea of human rights protection. Today almost all nations in the world admit this principle. But in practice, it is still disputable whether the principle of the death penalty does not extradite represents the principle of international extraditing law system. Furthermore, there’s still misunderstanding on the principle of the death penalty does not extradite in China, which leads to no acceptance on such principle in our Extraditing Law. This became a lethal obstacle of signing extraditing treaties with many countries (especially western countries), which the international extradition cooperation may hardly process.

 

This paper probes into talking about how to operate this principle in China, which is the principle of the death penalty does not extradite. It points out some shortcoming of Chinese law system according to the principle and also gave some suggestions to legislative improvement. The dissertation was composed of three parts: the first part introduces definition, history of the principle and some latest debates about whether this principle should be treated as an international principle; the second part give out the four modes of Chinese extradite treaty and analyzed detailedly some misunderstanding about the principle of the death penalty does not extradite in detail, some Chinese jurisconsults believe that our whole death penalty system will be destroyed if we apply this principle and it will connive crime ; the third part emphasizes the importance to bring the principle of the death penalty does not extradite into our Extraditing Law in four aspects: human rights protection; arresting criminal who escapes to other country; extraditing treaty between china and other country and perfecting the extraditing system. Finally a conclusion has been summarized that china should conditionally establish the principle of the death penalty does not extradite in Chinese Extraditing Law improve the related rules and regulations, and build a exercisable system of the principle of the death penalty does not extradite in China.

 

In our point of view , the value of bringing the principle of the death penalty does not extradite in Extraditing Law mainly embodies. One is to remove the obstacle of subscribing extradition treaties with Euramerican countries; Secondly, it sets out regulations administer China’s practice in the future in terms of international treaties of extradition; Thirdly, it is to set an definitive direction of legislation on relevant laws and regulations in native extraditing system. I believe that the principle of the death penalty does not extradite will be brought in the Extraditing Law through the consummating of legislation, since only by this way China will adapt to international environment and criminal legislative system better and normalize the extradition cooperation with other countries.

 
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