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  Social Function of NGO and Legal Protection



Many different interests groups are growing up in the process of the more 20 years’ reforms for Chinese economy system. There are happening great changes in the structures of society and interests. Some NGO are playing an important role in the expression and protection of group interests and those organizations are called as “the third section” besides the market and government sections. However, if we explain the function of NGO from the construction of civilian society, we will face double challenges of theory and practice. In any case, NGO are growing up, and they will play a more and more important role in society because of their advantages in independence and specialty.


In china, it lacks efficient mechanisms for resolving the new contraventions and conflicts in the process of the transformation of society. Disputes in some fields such as human rights, environments, medical cares etc sometimes reflect many problems of system. Some disputes might be the result of the faultiness of systems, even the conflict among systems. The process that some representative disputes are found, discussed and even are resolved through judicial procedure, is not only the problem-resolving process, but also the process of spreading ideas of “rule of law” and pushing reforms and transformations concerning legal system.


On February 3, 2005, Dong Jian brought a lawsuit against “Health Ministry” in the Beijing First Intermediate People’s Court, claiming that the activity that Health Ministry did not make any formal respondence to his request for establishing a folk organization “Love Your Eyes Association” in a prescribed time, should be regarded as “administrative nonfeasance” and that the Health Ministry should make a formal answer.


Nowadays, Chinese legislature is making and amending those relating laws. However, what role do NGO play in the society? What are the values of making law for NGO? What actions should we take to safeguard the good development of NGO in legislation and judicatory?

This meeting will be around some individual cases and at the same time the above questions will be deeply discussed.

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